DP19 | The Costs of Inflation: Some Theoretical Issues


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Although for the most part this paper is concerned with others' work, it is not a survey of the literature. Notable omissions are: the shoe-leather effect, the Tobin effect, the real effects of nominal (government) institutions. The first part looks at the relationship between inflation, relative prices and inefficiency. Inter alia, there is a critique of the way the price misperceptions model has been used in applied work, and a new model of the effects of consumers thinking in nominal terms. The second part considers the consequences of, and possible reasons for, the non-indexing of loans. Finally, the relation between inflation and the stock market is discussed.