DP3320 | The Behaviour of Relative Prices in the European Union: A Sectoral Analysis

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20/04/2002

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Abstract

Using multivariate unit root test methods, this Paper investigates the Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) hypothesis at the sectoral level across six European countries over the last seventeen years. Evidence of mean reversion toward PPP is found for the relative prices of some sectors and countries. Mean reversion in relative prices is explained by cross-country and cross-sectoral characteristics such as the distance between countries, nominal exchange rate volatility, differences in GDP per capita, non-tariff barriers, research and development, advertising, industrial concentration and tradability of the products.