DP4826 | Globalization and Disinflation: A Note


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We analyse how globalization forces induce monetary authorities, guided in their policies by the welfare criterion of a representative household, to put greater emphasis on reducing the inflation rate than on narrowing the output gaps. Specifically, I demonstrate how the relative weight of the output gap term in a utility-based loss function shrinks when the economy is open to international trade in goods, and is integrated to the world capital markets.